How do organic compounds achieve stability?

Important Concept for Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry
Two main ways organic compounds achieve stability:

Resonance

 

 

 

 

 

 


Electrons are delocalized to form different resonance structures, which lowers the energy level of the organic compound. This contributes to stability.

Dispersion of charge

Carbocation is electron deficient while R groups are electron-donating. Thus the more R groups are bonded to the carbocation, the more stable (less electron deficient) the carbocation will be. 

This concept also applies to negative ions, phenoxide ion is more stable as the negative charge can be dispersed into the benzene ring.

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